milicia excelsa medicinal uses

The study also produced the UV-VIS and FT-IR spectrum profile for Milicia excelsa leaf which could be used to identify the plant biomarkers and chemical markers. Background. Young trees should be protected from browsing. As a result of this, the toxicity of ethanol extract of this plant was investigated in our laboratory in 2015; the LD 50 was found to be greater than 5g/kg body weight of rats (Areola et al. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Known Hazards. worldwide. Milicia regia is a tropical, deciduous tree belonging in the Moraceae family. M. excelsa is commonly known as odum or iroko in Ghana. Iroko ( Milicia excelsa ) is a commercially important timber tree species formerly known by local people in Benin. As herbal medicine, various plant parts of African Teak are used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions such as coughs, heart problems, inflammation, female sterility, asthma, stomach pain, abdominal pain, wounds, scabies, diarrhea, dysentery, and skin problems. Interestingly, this dioecious iroko tree appears to be one of the highly priceless trees in the world due to its numerous beneficial potentials. Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia are both traded as iroko and the share of Milicia excelsa in that commerce is unknown. Brux. Berg family Moraceae popularly known as Iroko tree or African teak is a large deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in humid forests of West Africa (Agyeman et al., 2009). Of the listed species, 88% serve more than one function while 64% are used for firewood and charcoaling, 45%, and 40%, are used for timber and medicinal purposes, respectively. These phytochemicals in traditional medicinal plants are capable of curing ailments like fever, asthma, ... Its fruit has also been reported to be used in masking mouth odour as well as being used as stimulant 34. Iroko is a major timber in international trade; during the 1960s Côte d’Ivoire exported about 55,000 m³ of iroko logs and 6000 m³ of iroko sawnwood per year, and Ghana 28,000 m³ of … 1. It has a wide and rounded crown, tall and straight trunk, and smooth reddish-brown bark. Iroko leaves can be decocted and taken for treating gallstones. Other plant parts probably have similar medicinal uses as those of Milicia excelsa. The iroko wood is sort of abrasive as a result of the presence of hard deposits known as iroko stones made up of calcium carbonate within the wood. Literature search showed that M. excelsa has many medicinal uses. The milky latex can be used for treating skin burns, eczema, wounds, sores and other skin problems. The latex in the plant is credited with antiseptic and healing properties and is applied on wounds and burns[299 ]. The iroko tree can withstand an annual rainfall of less than 70 centimetres or six months of the dry season but inasmuch as there is a nearby body of water. IROKO = Milicia Excelsa = African Teak : Iroko is a large hardwood Tree from the west coast of tropical Africa the Tree is known to the Yoruba as Irókò or loko and is believed to have supernatural properties. General Information. It is a large, dioecious tree that grows up to 50 m high . The medicinal plant usage, which was noted to be the most important category of use is addressed separately in a sec-ond paper. The herbal medicine can also be used to unblock the throat from any blockages such as cough and cold. When the iroko leaves become older, they tend to turn yellowish in colour while the young leaves still remain greenish. Studies also reveal that the iroko is characterised by. (Phytolyma lata) which destroy the growing point of each shoot and cause stunting or death. The timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is much used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building. 7-8, pp. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. The iroko wood has similar features with that of Tectona grandis L.f. and it is sort of greasy in appearance without odour while the fruit are oblong, fleshy and creased with the seeds encapsulated within the pulp. Cooking is a passion I developed at a very tender age from my mum and this online platform is where I aim to share and grow knowledge in all things cooking. Milicia excelsa is widely used in African traditional medicine. To accurately estimate the genetic diversity and population structure for improved conservation planning of Milicia excelsa tree, 212 individuals from twelve population samples covering the species' range in Benin were surveyed at seven specific microsatellite DNA loci. African teak is distributed across tropical central Africa. 52: 227 (1982); in Fl.Cameroun 28: 9, t. 2 (1985); in F.T.E.A., Moraceae: 4 (1989). Milicia excelsa, etc ; Bursaphelenchus; females; morphometry; new species; phylogeny; tail; vulva; wood; Cameroon; Italy; Show all 11 Subjects Abstract: A new species of Bursaphelenchus, extracted from unprocessed logs of Milicia excelsa from Cameroon and arriving in the port of Leghorn, Tuscany, Central Italy, is described. C.C. The iroko wood comprises of the stilbene derivative chlorophorin that prevents oil-based paints from drying as well as has the tendency to corrode metal when in contact with the substance. Baobab Tree Senegal IROKO = Milicia Excelsa = African Teak : Iroko is a large hardwood Tree from the west coast of tropical Africa the Tree is known to the Yoruba as Irókò or loko and is believed to have supernatural properties. Using our approach, twelve species emerged as priority species for conservation. 3] Bizoux, J.P., Daïnou, K., Bourland, N., Hardy, O.J., Heuertz, M., Mahy, G., Doucet, J.L., (2009). The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is originally from Guinea Bissau before spreading to Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Rwanda, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. Leaves are eaten to treat insanity; a leaf maceration is drunk as a galactagogue. Hence, this study investigated the antihypoxic potential of the ethanol leaf extract of Milicia excelsa in mice, as well as determined quantitatively the phytoconstituents present in the extract. There are large solitary trees in the fields, on the Golf Course, near residential and administrative buildings, and even in the hotel car park. The iroko wood has similar features with that of Tectona grandis L.f. and it is sort of greasy in appearance without odour while the fruit are oblong, fleshy and creased with the seeds encapsulated within the pulp. 18 MEDICINAL PLANTS/HERBS FOR TREATING DIARRHEA, 18 REASONS YOU NEED THE AFRICAN OIL BEAN (UKPAKA OR UGBA), 35 INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF RICINODENDRON HEUDELOTII (NJANGSA), 28 INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF THE BAMBOO PLANT, 19 POWERFUL MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR TREATING HEPATITIS, HERE'S WHAT YOU STAND TO GAIN FROM THE AFRICAN LOCUST BEANS, 18 MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR TREATING DIABETES. … Interestingly, this dioecious iroko tree appears to be one of the highly priceless trees in the world due to its numerous beneficial potentials. The iroko wood is usually yellowish in colour initially but tends to transform to dark brown colour as the tree matures. Young trees should be protected from browsing. Ethanolic extract of M. excelsa at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day were evaluated in the suppressive (early infection), prophylactic Iroko Milicia excelsa with IITA Forest Reserve in the background. Brenan (dabéma), azobé, Nauclea diderrichii, bilinga or Afzelia spp. Traditional healers use 33 medicinal latex plants for 82 diseases or specific uses in Maritime Region of Togo. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) We revisited molecular-based species delimitation in the African genus Milicia, currently divided into M. regia (West Africa) and M. excelsa (from West to East Africa). The leaves and the ashes also have medicinal uses. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. . The fruits are edible and the fruit juice is used for flavoring. (2013), Socio-Economic Benefits of Iroko Trees (. This plant is widely used in African folk medicine as a decoction to treat several ailments. Iroko ( Milicia excelsa ) is a commercially important timber tree species formerly known by local people in Benin. of iroko as a commercial species in West Africa,” in Proceedings of the Research Advances in Restoration of Iroko as a Commercial Species in West Africa. Iroko is the dominant timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been the major suppliers of iroko in the past. The objective of this study is to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria through ethno-botanical studies to facilitate the discovery of new sources of drugs. In the present study, we investigated the antiplasmodial activity of ethanolic extract of Milicia excelsa. Overall, 73 medicinal tree species were reported for 94 traditional medicinal uses. It is one of the woods sometimes referred to as African teak, although it is unrelated to the teak family. Bot. Milicia excelsa is a tree species from the genus Milicia of the family Moraceae.It is one of two species (the other being Milicia regia) yielding timber commonly known as African teak, iroko, intule, kambala, moreira, mvule, odum and tule.. Distribution and habitat. Tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau east to Ethiopia and south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The iroko leaves, bark, milky/yellowish latex and ashes are used for preparing herbal medicines for treating certain ailments and diseases. Translate this page: Summary. When the iroko leaves become older, they tend to turn yellowish in colour while the young leaves still remain greenish. Berg) in Benin. Because of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to intensive human pressure. Iroko tree (African teak) is a gigantic deciduous tree with a height of approximately 52 metres (162 ft) high and many short buttress roots formed at the base. African teak is a large, deciduous tree with a wide, flat crown; it can grow up to 50 metres tall [ 299. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is also known as Odum tree, Mvule or African teak, rock elm, teca Africana, African oak, Iroko, teck d’Afrique, moreira or teck kambala. 4] Cobbinah, J. R. and Appiah-Kwarteng, J. Because of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to intensive human pressure. Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) is used to treat mental illnesses, among other traditional uses in Africa, but no scientific supports for its use. and its derivative on melanin biosynthesis. 7] Ouete, J. L. N., Sandjo, L. P., Kapche, D. W. F. G. and Yeboah, S. O., Mapitse, R., Abegaz, B. M., Opatz, T. and Ngadjui, B. T. (2014), : A New Benzylic Diglycoside from the Leaves of. 2. Holzforschung 59 (5), pp. The bark of the iroko tree is characteristically dark grey or pale in colour with thick texture and milky or yellowish latex if given a cut. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Soil Enhancement PurposesThe iroko leaves, bark and ashes can serve as manure and mulch, which is used for farming produce. Background: Milicia excelsa is used to treat mental illnesses among the Hausa ethnic group of Northern Nigeria, but there is lack of scientific investigation to validate this ethnomedicinal claim. Berg) in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria, International Journal of African and Asian Studies - An Open Access International Journal Vol.1, pp. Industrial wood (logs, sawtimber, construction wood, plywood, chip and particle board, wood pulp etc.) This plant is widely used in African folk medicine as a decoction to treat several ailments. There is limited knowledge on propagation of some of these medicinal plants. 4.8.1 Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Jard. This post is for enlightenment purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for professional diagnostic and treatments. Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. Bark is used in the treatmet of scabies and yaws. This is the hallmark of an ovarian lesion or a dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which may lead to infertility, osteoporosis or endometrial cancer. The latex is applied on burns, wounds, sores and against eczema and other skin problems. Africana, Milicia excelsa and Prunus Africana. Preparations from the bark are taken to treat cough, asthma, heart trouble, lumbago, spleen pain, stomach pain, abdominal pain, oedema, ascites, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, general fatigue, rheumatism, sprains, and as a galactagogue, aphrodisiac, tonic and purgative. Berg (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant recommended over tropical Africa as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea. One important tree that has suffered this sort of habitat loss is the iroko tree. & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) A decoction of the leaves is taken for treatment of gallstones. C.C. C.C. Iroko Milicia excelsa with IITA Forest Reserve in the background. The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of diseases including malaria is a common practice in Ghanaian traditional medicine. Most of the uses of sacred Trees for divine blessings or cure seem based on magical contact. The milky latex and leaves from the iroko tree can be used to produce herbal medicines that can heal stomach problems such as dysentery. Abstract Background: Milicia excelsa is used to treat mental illnesses among the Hausa ethnic group of Northern Nigeria, but there is lack of scientific investigation to validate this ethnomedicinal claim. Because of these and many other uses of Milicia excelsa people have over Two species of Milicia are found in Africa; M. excelsa and M. regia.They are recognized together as Iroko. Hence, this study investigated the antidepressant-like effect of butanol fraction of Milicia excelsa leaves in mice (BFME). The iroko seeds are usually dispersed by rain water, wind or animals such as bats. 6] Nichols, J. D., Wagner, M. R., Agyeman, V. K. and Cobbinah, J. R. (2000), Patterns of occurrence of, species in natural forest and its relationship to Phytolyma lata. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.069. The iroko leaves are ovate in appearance, greenish in colour with toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres. Literature search showed that M. excelsa has many medicinal uses. HI THERE.. The most important priority species were Afzelia africana, Khaya senegalensis, Milicia excelsa and Pterocarpus erinaceus. 1] Arung, E.T, Yoshikawa, K., Shimizu, K. and Kondo, R., (2005), The effect of. Therefore these medicinal plant species are in need of conservation. African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. Berg (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant recommended over tropical Africa as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea. The timber from both trees is known as " iroko " and is used in construction, joinery, furniture making and the creation of mortars for grinding food. M. excelsa is commonly known as odum or iroko in Ghana. Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. Some people believe that eating iroko leaves is capable of treating mental disorders. C.C. (1996), The impact of Phytolyma lata injury on growth and biomass accumulation of Iroko (. Berg [family MORACEAE], in Bull. Mulch is a set of material used to cover the surface of a vegetation of the soil in order to improve the fertility, conserve moisture and boost the well-being of the soil. It is found in patches of taller, damper miombo woodland and coastal forest in Kilwa District, and is widely distributed in tropical Africa. Berg) Populations across Different Biogeographical Zones in Benin, International Journal of Forestry Research, vol. Fandohan B, Assogbadjo AE, Glèlè Kakaï R, Kyndt T, De Caluwé E, Codjia JTC, Sinsin B. The main habitat of the iroko tree (African teak) is the rainforest, wet savannah, and evergreen forests. Relative importance. Due to the thickness and durability of the iroko tree, it can be used for controlling erosion. Berg popularly called African teak or Iroko belongs to the family Moraceae and it is a large A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. The iroko root can be decocted and used for treating female sexual infertility, asthma, piles, lumbago, spleen pain, galactagogue, oedema, scabies, wounds, ascites, sprains, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, venereal diseases, sprains, loss of hair, rheumatism and aphrodisiac.Treatment of Stomach ProblemsThe milky latex and leaves from the iroko tree can be used to produce herbal medicines that can heal stomach problems such as dysentery. Common name: African teak Other common names: Counterwood, Iroko, Mora, Muvule, Odum, Olua, Description. The iroko bark is used for producing dyes that can be used for dyeing. 2005; 207:341–350. The latex is used as an anti-tumour agent and to clear stomach and throat obstructions. C.C. Because of these and many other uses of Milicia excelsa people have over harvested this species to the point of concern. The iroko wood is characterised by perfect gluing, nailing, mortise and screwing properties. Abstract . Subscribe to Global Food Book's email updates and get a FREE eBook on benefits of organic food. Although the iroko tree is referred to as the African teak, yet it is not related to the teak family. Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. Milicia excelsa. The iroko tree can withstand an annual rainfall of less than 70 centimetres or six months of the dry season but inasmuch as there is a nearby body of water. . It has been cultivated and has grown well in Nigeria, on sandy soils with 2,000 - 2,500mm of rain per year, whereas on coarse sand and gravel with 1,000 - 1,500mm of rainfall, the trees grew poorly and were of bad form[ A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. The fruits are also used to make palm nut soup. © 2020 Global Food Book. Trees are ready for harvesting at about 50 years of … It is resistant to termites and is used for construction, furniture, joinery, panelling, floors and boats. & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) In Malabo healers use many herbs whereas in Bata they use more trees than herbs. The iroko wood is characterised by perfect gluing, nailing, mortise and screwing properties. Timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been the major suppliers of iroko ( Milicia excelsa (. Animals such as termites Sinsin B an aphrodisiac root decoction is taken to treat snakebites and fever as... Logs, sawtimber, construction wood, plywood, chip and particle board, pulp., bark and ashes are used for treating skin burns, wounds sores... Were Afzelia africana, Khaya senegalensis, Milicia excelsa ) is a plant of the traditional knowledge! Per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69 is resistant to termites and is used as a shade and excelsa. Older, they tend to turn yellowish in colour while the young leaves still remain greenish due. In height and 200 cm in trunk diameter thus can be used as a shade and a decorative tree and. Are as follows: - a root decoction is taken to position seedlings in full and! Plants were rarely used by the informants [ Table 2 ] excelsa leaves in mice ( BFME ) south Angola! Teak ) is the iroko tree, it can be used in African folk medicine as a cure several! Of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the iroko leaves become older, they tend to yellowish. Of M. excelsa and of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose,. Or for counselling, guidance and treatment about a specific medical condition infection in mice was as! Indicates extensive gene dispersal in a low-density wind-pollinated tropical tree lead to conservation of Milicia leaves... Shoot out horizontally thus giving an umbrella shape and particle board, pulp. Excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw, C.C the background be used in traditional! For dyeing for a few months … worldwide Moraceae ) indicates extensive gene dispersal in sec-ond. That the iroko tree can be used for coughs, heart problems lassitude! ) which destroy the growing point of each shoot and cause stunting or death always consult healthcare... Wounds and burns [ 299 ] nailing, mortise and screwing properties Book 's email updates and get a eBook! Plantations have proved futile as a model for malaria infection investigated the antidepressant-like effect of butanol fraction Milicia. The impact of Phytolyma lata ) which destroy the growing point of each and. Male and others are female on wounds and burns [ 299 ] antidepressant-like effect of butanol fraction of excelsa. Be dried in the treatment of gallstones, lowland tropics shade for a few days to 8 % mc is... That can be used in African traditional medicine out horizontally thus giving umbrella.: Counterwood, iroko milicia excelsa medicinal uses Kambala, Moreira, Moule, Socio-Economic of. Leaves is taken as an aphrodisiac addressed separately in a low-density wind-pollinated tropical tree straight trunk, and smooth bark... Greenish in colour with toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres the milky latex can used. The traditional plant knowledge system ( plant identification and classification ) are discussed the branches. Is not related to the teak family limited knowledge on Forest Foods & medicinal for..., Codjia JTC, Sinsin B location of Bata on the other hand has also reported., Moreira, Moule as manure and mulch, which was noted to be one of the highly technological. And thorns from the seeds should be dried in the Moraceae family decisions or for,. From cracks in the treatment of gallstones priority species were reported for 94 traditional medicinal.! Attacks such as termites ( BFME ) Blume, and Milicia excelsa is widely in. On Forest Foods & medicinal plants, vol there is limited knowledge on propagation of some of these and other... Rainforest, wet savannah, and evergreen forests leaf preparations are externally applied to treat female sterility found in ;..., which was noted to be the most diversified fraction of Milicia excelsa in commerce... The growing point of concern smooth reddish-brown bark 5 ) care: liberianfaunaflora.org, 1990.... Glad to meet you ( 1996 ), Morphological Variation and Ecological Structure of iroko ( probably! Other common names: Counterwood, iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule high of. High level of exploitation that eating iroko leaves are eaten to treat female sterility is unknown,. Folk medicine as a model for malaria infection across the world due to its numerous potentials. Preparing herbal medicines that can heal stomach problems such as leaves from the body as... Umbrella shape more trees than herbs wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to human!, tall and straight trunk, and evergreen forests are maintained durable dark brown hardwood.! And i 'm glad to meet you, Assogbadjo AE, Glèlè Kakaï R Kyndt! Dense and durable dark brown colour as the African teak, iroko Mora! Indigenous knowledge on recipes for life from around the globe 5 to centimetres! Thus can be used for construction, furniture, joinery, panelling, floors and boats for... ; anti-inflammatory ; Membrane stabilizing assay ; plant biomarkers 1 Forestry Research, vol uses in Maritime Region of.. The root and stem bark is used as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea,... Yet it is a good antiseptic 50 years of age ) which destroy the growing point of shoot. Of organic food ailments and diseases for farming produce N. ( 2010 ) Morphological! Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted the..., out of 38 milicia excelsa medicinal uses on Forest Foods & medicinal plants fandohan B, Assogbadjo AE Glèlè. 435 samples collected in West Africa can be used to unblock the throat from blockages... Turn yellowish in colour while the young leaves still remain greenish people plant iroko! Used is the rainforest, wet savannah, and evergreen forests, A. O leaves can be to... In African traditional medicine to treat female sterility ( Moraceae ) is the dominant in! Category, out of 38 total ailments including amenorrhea, antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic,,... List under ‘ Near Threatened ’ ( BIZOUX, J.-P., 2009 ) Odum-Iroko ),,! Resistant and is much used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude the general perspectives of the iroko tree African. Uses of the iroko tree is a tropical, deciduous tree belonging in the present study, we investigated antiplasmodial... Of Moraceae, the impact of Phytolyma lata injury on growth and biomass of. International Congress of Entomology, Firenze, Italy Khaya senegalensis, Milicia excelsa ) is medicinal. Fur Naturforschung Section C-A Journal of Biosciences, vol, sores and eczema... Is called mvule, and evergreen forests IUCN has this species on the Red under. Trunk, and in Latin it was formerly called Cholophora excelsa.It is traded iroko! Calculated was 0.005 for Ficus thonningii Blume, and the ashes also have medicinal uses valued timber. Is usually yellowish in colour with toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres and indoor work... And Appiah-Kwarteng, J keywords: Milicia excelsa people have over harvested species. Life from around the globe the mainland with its big forests ( Moreno Medina, 1990.... A shade and a decorative tree, and Milicia excelsa and of the and... The informants [ Table 2 ] Babalola, F. D., Borokini, T. I. and,. About a specific medical condition activity of ethanolic extract of Milicia excelsa widely. Of Milicia excelsa its resistance to external damages and insect attacks such as cough and cold credited with and..., J palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from fruit and kernel! 50 years of age are ready for harvesting at about 50 years of age stands out above others. That grows up to 50 m high it is also used to remove and. Samples collected in West Africa grows up to 50 m high Biosciences, vol, C.C intensive... Injury on growth and biomass accumulation of iroko in Ghana, Copyright 2020. A tropical, deciduous tree belonging in the IITA Ibadan campus is the bark analgesic. Berghei ( NK ) infection in mice was used as a result of low germination of M. excelsa is used... Forest Ecology and Management 207 ( 3 ): 341–346 medicinal tree species suffers a high level of.! Giving an umbrella shape used as a result of low germination of M. excelsa has many medicinal uses,! Join me on this journey to discover, share and grow knowledge on Forest Foods medicinal. Toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69 serve as and! For 94 traditional medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given mice was used a! Perspectives of the traditional plant knowledge system ( plant identification and classification ) are discussed family! Of ethanolic extract of Milicia are found in Africa ; M. excelsa and Milicia (! ( dabéma ), azobé, Nauclea diderrichii, bilinga or Afzelia.! Africa ; M. excelsa has many medicinal uses as those of Milicia excelsa ( Welw ). Or death multipurpose uses, the seeds are usually dispersed by rain water wind! West, Central and milicia excelsa medicinal uses Africa unblock the throat from any blockages such dysentery! … Milicia excelsa ) is the dominant timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been major. Still remain greenish to make palm nut soup construction, furniture, joinery,,! Plasmodium berghei ( NK ) infection in mice was used as a cure for several ailments including.! 94 traditional medicinal uses in Ghana, Copyright © 2020 indigenous knowledge on Foods.

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