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DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific US security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide US forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency . Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Combatant commands should integrate security cooperation elements of planning under a single authority. The purchasing government pays all costs associated with a sale. We determined whether the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)—Security Assistance Accounts (SAA) September 30, 2017, balance sheet was accurate and whether the DSCA and Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) implemented effective controls over financial reporting for the SAAs. Defense Security Cooperation Agency Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 Budget Estimates I. DSCA leads the broader U.S. security cooperation enterprise in its efforts to train, educate, advise, and equip foreign partners. How do stakeholders interpret security cooperation guidance, and do they find it sufficiently clear, detailed, and flexible? 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Most DoD Security Cooperation policy, organization, and activities (other than IAC) are led and managed by USD(Policy) rather than USD(Acquisition & Sustainment) and USD(Research & Engineering), but many U.S. Government/DoD Security Cooperation activities are implemented through USD(A&S), USD(R&E), and DoD Component acquisition-related IA&E efforts. McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance, Command and Control in U.S. is the DoD agency responsible for directing, administering, and providing guidance for the management of the DoD-executed security assistance programs. Objective: All defense security personnel that are in positions that require ... Security is a mission critical function of the Department of Defense (DoD). Historically programs with a significant level of projec… Creating SMART country objectives is not enough. DoD security cooperation, which includes DoD-administered security assistance programs and international armaments cooperation, will be undertaken to … Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide Mission Assistance support on a space-available basis to DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) and PMOs/IPTs involved in Sales and Transfers efforts. The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that … You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign … Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, by Michael J. McNerney, Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, Ariel Klein. The U.S. Department of Defense should incorporate the SMART concept more formally into security cooperation training. An overarching policy document, nested within DoD policies on acquisition (DoDD 5000.01) and security cooperation (DoDD 5132.03), is needed to articulate the policy objectives of IAC, outline processes that equitably integrate acquisition and international cooperation objectives, and clarify roles and responsibilities for involved stakeholders. Combatant commands have different objective hierarchies, and they do not define their terms in the same way. The entire security cooperation planning system needs to follow a SMART approach, with different levels of detail linking broad end states to concrete tasks. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) administers the FMS program. OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to establish a common theater planning hierarchy for security cooperation objectives, with standard terminology and a standard SMART objective review process. This report evaluates DoD's effectiveness in developing SMART security cooperation objectives. OSD should establish a security cooperation framework that links SMART objectives to assessment, monitoring, and evaluation processes and requirements at the strategic and country level. It also proposes a systematic approach to developing security cooperation objectives for use by policymakers, planners, program managers, and resource managers. This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. e. Department of Defense security cooperation program information, not published on ForeignAssistance.gov, will be published on this site in the interests of improved transparency. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. The 2005 SCG provided the combatant commands with SC objectives, ways to conduct SC, and priority countries. xii SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance Security cooperation objectives are the foundation of a system that allows policymakers and planners to assess foreign defense part- ners, monitor the performance of security cooperation programs, and … Security cooperation enables the United States to deepen its global alliances and partnerships in pursuit of common security objectives. BPC transactions are normally referred to as "pseudo-FMS cases". May 8, 2019 — Objective. SC activities include transferring defense articles and services, military-to-military exercises, ministerial advising, and train and equip programs. Ongoing changes in the geopolitical landscape and increasing public skepticism of the return on investment for security cooperation, including from President-elect Donald Trump, underscore the need for the new administration and Congress to work … DSCA’s mission is to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by building the capacity of foreign security forces to respond to shared challenges. This research was sponsored by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Security Cooperation and conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community. Description of Operations Financed (cont.) The program is now overseen by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency through the Defense Security Cooperation University and the Institute for Security Governance. ACQ 101 Lesson 4 Exam (ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT) 1) The Defense Security Cooperation Agency asks a Military Department to engage their acquisition counterparts in allied and friendly nations regarding the potential benefits of acquiring an upgraded U.S. system that could provide additional coalition capability in the region in order to bolster the U.S. influence in the region. The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that facilitate assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. DSCA administers security cooperation programs that support U.S. policy interests and objectives identified by the White House, Department of Defense, and Department of State. C1.1. - Our International Cooperative Program (ICP) JST provides practical advice on how to identify IAC opportunities and establish/implement DoD Component ICPs from a PMO/IPT perspective. The NDAA did not identify from where within DOD’s budget such transfers would be derived but specified that the authority may only be used when foreign assistance programming is necessary for the effectiveness of DOD security cooperation and cannot be carried out by DOD. DAU does not charge DoD Components for faculty and staff time spent on Mission Assistance support efforts; it only asks that the organization requesting the assistance fund any travel or other incidental costs involved. FMS transactions are implemented through FMS Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs), often referred to as "FMS cases." McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) published documents titled Security Cooperation Guidance (SCG) in April 2003 and November 2005. DSCA Policy Memo 20-56, Pre-Case Review (PCR)* Policy --- Objectives and Requirements has been posted. Coordinates oversight of CWMD research, development, and acquisition activities with the USD(P), USD(P&R), Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. Subscribe to the weekly Policy Currents newsletter to receive updates on the issues that matter most. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2016. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1430.html. Date Changes; December 6-12, 2020. USG/DoD Security Cooperation efforts provide U.S.-origin defense equipment, logistics support, and training to our allies and friends around the globe in support USG/DoD national security and defense strategic objectives. However, countervailing priorities in the current U.S. administration challenge this formulation. - Our FMS - Systems Acquisition JST provides practical advice on how to integrate FMS systems acquisition-related activities at the PMO/IPT level. This has typically been an area of strength for the United States in ensuring U.S. superiority in an era of strategic competition. Programs should conduct an IA&E Assessment as early as possible in a program’s lifecycle to collect information and assess factors that affect international considerations and potential foreign involvement including interoperability requirements, program protection considerations, cooperative opportunities, and international markets. How might they be revised to better meet the SMART criteria? The Pardee RAND Graduate School (PRGS.edu) is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. Develop and oversee the implementation of defense policies on international cooperation in coordination with U.S. government agencies, foreign governments, and … The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) should provide SMART criteria and prioritization guidance to combatant commands and evaluate their performance accordingly. RAND is nonprofit, nonpartisan, and committed to the public interest. The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. The DAU/Defense Systems Management College-International (DSMC-I) faculty has developed four JSTs that are specifically designed to assist Program Management Offices (PMOs) and their supporting Integrated Product Team (IPT) personnel in the identification, assessment, development, negotiation, and implementation of Security Cooperation-related defense acquisition workforce efforts: - Our International Acquisition and Exportability (IA&E) Assessment JST and companion Acquisition Strategy – International Considerations JST focus on PMO/IPT level IAC, Security Assistance (FMS), and BPC-related planning and implementation efforts. Security cooperation is a force multiplier for the Department of Defense, developing and fostering a network of partners and allies, as well as improving the effectiveness of those partnerships. To what extent do the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound? - Our International Business Planning JST addresses PMO/IPT-level Security Cooperation planning and implementation considerations for programs with substantial ongoing/anticipated Sales and Transfers-related activity. Theater engagement and theater security cooperation have been part of DOD’s lexicon for well over a decade. Security Cooperation Relationships SC Related Activities and Operations Department of Defense (DOD) policy supports SC activities that enable building security relationships, building partner capacity, and gaining/maintaining access. SC uses a combination of programs and activities by which DOD, in coordination with Definition and Purpose. DoD defines and validates requirements through the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) and develops technology, produces weapons systems, and provides logistics support though the Defense Acquisition System. Most individual country objectives did not meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. Translating security cooperation goals into effective action is challenging, given the multitude of stakeholders, changing political and security environments, and resource limitations. More Our Values The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous. Our goal is to advance this understanding throughout the Department of Defense, so that all personnel understand the role of gender in our operations … 10 … OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to create a SMART security cooperation planning system centered around country plans. These objectives include developing specific partner capabilities, building alliances and … To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). Responsibility and priority for developing country objectives differed by combatant command. Please enable scripts and reload this page. cooperation (SC) to refer broadly to DOD interactions with foreign security establishments. to advance national policies and objectives. DSCA-2 assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation activities and continue to implement a workforce development program targeting all Department of Defense To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). The authors present a detailed evaluation of the extent to which the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria, and they recommend changes to improve DoD security cooperation guidance and planning. Guidance Documents: DoD Directive 5132.03 -- DoD Policy and Responsibilities Relating to Security Cooperation Also available in print form. State Department Role DoD Directive 5132.03 provides DoD-wide policy and describes DoD organizational responsibilities regarding Security Cooperation activities. Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense is authorized to support other departments and agencies of the United States Government for the purpose of implementing or supporting foreign assistance programs and activities described in subsection (b) that advance security cooperation objectives of the Department of Defense. Combatant command security cooperation planning was "SMARTer" than individual country objectives. SC comprises all activities undertaken by the Department of Defense (DoD) to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. Please note that you should expect to receive a response from our team, regarding your inquiry, within 2 business days. DoD Directive 5200.41E, “DoD Regional Centers for Security Studies,” June 30, 2016, states that the RCs support U.S. defense strategy objectives and policy priorities through: offering executive development, strategic security studies (to program participants), research, and outreach that foster long-term collaborative relationships; - Security Cooperation (SC) C1.1.1. The 2018 National Defense Strategy elevated security cooperation in stressing the importance of "Strengthening alliances and attracting new partners." Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide, International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) Overview, International Acquisition Career Path (IACP), IA&E Job Support Tools (JSTs) and Lessons Learned, Ask a Question / Share an Idea (Login required). advance DOD security cooperation objectives. The primary source of day-to-day guidance on Security Assistance and BPC policies and practices is the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)-issued Security Assistance Management Manual (eSAMM). Contact DSMC-I at the following e-mail address -- InternationalHelp@dau.mil -- if your organization is interested in obtaining Sales and Transfers-related Mission Assistance support. DoD Security Cooperation includes International Armaments Cooperation (IAC) activities as well as the various elements of Security Assistance, including Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Building Partner Capacity (BPC). SMART objectives did not adequately serve as a foundation for security cooperation assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. Combatant command security cooperation planning could benefit from greater standardization. Although most country plan objectives failed the SMART test, country plans overall and other supporting documents showed more-positive results. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Objectives For students to summarize the DoD interactions with international partners, known as Security Cooperation (SC), and recognize the totality of policy, planning, assessment, monitoring, execution, evaluation, and end-use control processes associated with … IA&E Assessment results should be used to establish the international involvement aspects of a program’s initial Acquisition Strategy. How can U.S. Department of Defense security cooperation guidance and planning be improved? Please turn on JavaScript and try again. The Military Departments and Defense agencies are responsible for daily operational Manage bilateral and multilateral fora to promote international cooperative programs and facilitate DoD access to new technology; and. In response to concerns raised by the security cooperation community and in an effort to support continuous process improvement within the FMS process, this memorandum revises the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) to … To what extent are current security cooperation objectives appropriately specified, aligned, prioritized, and measured? Understanding of the SMART concept varied among stakeholders. In particular, most objectives were not yet measureable or time-bound, and their achievability could not be determined. From greater standardization promote international cooperative programs and facilitate DoD access to new technology ; and to conduct SC and. Public interest RAND 's publications do not define their terms in the current U.S. administration this. Dod Policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis the 2018 National Defense Strategy security. 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